Three Breeds of Sheep, Iowa

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tiff scanned file from original glass slide
This picture was taken on the farm of the Iowa State Agricultural College, Ames. The three breeds of sheep shown are the Shropshire, Oxford, and Cotswold. All three of these are English breeds, but they differ a great deal in appearance and somewhat in their use. The Shropshire breed dates from the middle of the 14th century. Its name comes from the English county in which the breed sprang up. It is raised for both wool an mutton, but it is especially a mutton breed. It is a good feeder and matures early. These sheep have dark brown faces and legs, broad heads and shoulders, and shapely bodies. The Oxfords originally came from Oxford County, England. They sprang from crossing Cotswold, Hampshire, and Southdown breeds. Oxfords are excellent mutton sheep. They have usually darker faces than the Shropshires, are larger, and have longer legs. The Cotswold is both a wool and a mutton breed. It gets its name from the Cotswold Hills, in Gloucestershire, England. These sheep can be told by their heavy topknot of wool which droops over their eyes. Their faces are white, or grayish. They are large and squarely built, and have long wool. Can you pick out each of the three breeds in the view? Sheep raising is profitable in certain sections of our country. Mutton is being more and more used by Americans as food; and woolen clothes are necessary for people living in cold and damp climates. In 1915 there were 50,000,000 sheep in the United States. Our production of wool in the same year amounted to 288,777,000 pounds. Find out the present price of wool, and estimate the value of the above number of pounds. What kinds of dress goods are of wool? Keystone ID: 16719 Note: All titles, descriptions, and location coordinates are from the original Keystone Slide documentation as supplied by the Keystone View Company. No text has been edited or changed.
Copyright by the Keystone View Company. The original slides are housed in McConnell Library's Special Collections.