Palace of the Incas, and Natives, Cuzco, Peru

Special Collections > Keystone Slides
tiff scanned file from original glass slide
Here you see the remains of an early civilization. This old street, the walls on either side of it, and the people in the view, all bring back to memory a great nation that flourished in Peru before the coming of the Spaniards. They are the Incas, the children of the Sun, a race of civilized Indians. Nobody knows where this race of people came from, but they were evidently related to the Aztecs of Mexico, who had built up a civilization much like that of the Incas. It is supposed by some historians that all the early peoples of the Americas originally came from Asia. These historians guess further that the stronger and more savage North American Indian drove the more peaceable tribes of the Incas and Aztecs southward. Whatever their origin may have been, the Incas made their capital at Cuzco in the 12th century. The city was built on a table land enclosed by mountains. Only the lower part of these walls you see are parts of the old Incas Palace. The upper part was built later. Their buildings were usually one story high, roofed with thatch much after the fashion of structures in ancient Egypt. In Peru they had built roads, dug canals to irrigate their farms, and practiced the arts of agriculture. They wove beautiful cloths of cotton and wool. They were skilled in the working of gold, silver, and precious stones. It was the gold and silver mines that first attracted the Spaniards. You remember how Pizarro led his soldiers into the capital. Later he set upon the natives, and after hard fighting killed or conquered the race. He built a city on the ruins of the old Cuzco. This city now has a population of 26,000. Tell about Pizarro's conquest of Peru. Keystone ID: 21871 Note: All titles, descriptions, and location coordinates are from the original Keystone Slide documentation as supplied by the Keystone View Company. No text has been edited or changed.
Copyright by the Keystone View Company. The original slides are housed in McConnell Library's Special Collections.