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A Busy Market Square, Copenhagen
A Busy Market Square, CopenhagenThe scene before you gives some notion of the reason for the name of the capital city of Denmark. The word "Copenhagen" (k´pn-h´gn) means "merchants' harbor." And here are buyers and sellers a-plenty in this busy old city. Can you make out what is for sale? Copenhagen is an ancient, island city. A thousand years ago a fishing village stood where the present city now is. The village grew because the harbor is one of the finest on the Baltic Sea. Besides, it is at the western end of the Baltic, and receives ships going into and out of this northern ocean. In time the king of the Danes made it the capital of his country. Now it is a city larger than San Francisco. It is built on two islands separated by a stretch of water called the Haven, where the shipping lies. Here are ships flying the flags of all nations. And here too, are large shipbuilding ways where the vessels are being constructed. The Dames have always been a seafaring people. They invaded England; and Iceland and Greenland are still their colonies. In addition to its commerce, the city is noted for its porcelain works, breweries, sugar refineries, and cloth factories. Much of its trade is carried on with Norway, Sweden, Germany, and Great Britain. The city was once the home of a famous sculptor named Thorwaldsen. One other Dame you probably know about. He is Hans Christian Andersen, the author of fairy tales. The soil of this little land is poor and the climate is severe in winter. Dairying, poultry raising, and sugar beet farming are the chief occupations in the country. Keystone ID: 13082 Note: All titles, descriptions, and location coordinates are from the original Keystone Slide documentation as supplied by the Keystone View Company. No text has been edited or changed.
A Busy Street in Minneapolis, Minn.
A Busy Street in Minneapolis, Minn.Minneapolis sprang up at the Falls of St. Anthony on the Mississippi. Not many years ago Minnesota was noted for its lumbering. The Falls of St. Anthony furnished power to drive the machinery of great sawmills and planing factories. When the lumbering ceased to be so important, agriculture took its place. In a few years there were miles of wheat fields on the prairies, particularly in the valley of the Red River of the North. Today Minneapolis is the greatest flour making center in the world. North Dakota, South Dakota, and Minnesota grow a great deal of flax. This is raised for its oil. Minneapolis is the center of this trade, so it has great linseed oil factories. Linseed oil is made from flax seed. It is used to mix with paint. The seeds are crushed, the oil is pressed out, and the seedcakes are fed to farm animals. Minneapolis and St. Paul are so near each other they are called "The Twin Cities." Together they are the greatest railroad center northwest of Chicago. Minneapolis has 4 transcontinental railway lines and 9 railway systems Seven lines connect it with Chicago, 6 of which end in Minneapolis. The city has broad, clean, well-lighted streets. Nicollet Avenue, shown in the view, is the chief retail thorough fare and one of the finest streets in the city. Minneapolis has a fine park system, containing nearly 4,000 acres. In one of these parks is Minnehaha Falls, which you have read about in Longfellow's Hiawatha. The state university is also in Minneapolis. It is one of the largest universities in our country. Minneapolis is the largest city in Minnesota. It has a population of over 300,000. Which way is it from Chicago Keystone ID: 16703 Note: All titles, descriptions, and location coordinates are from the original Keystone Slide documentation as supplied by the Keystone View Company. No text has been edited or changed.
A Corn Harvester at Work in Indiana
A Corn Harvester at Work in IndianaCorn is a double food supply for stock. The grain is one of the best foods known for horses, cattle, sheep, and hogs. And the stalks and leaves when cured take the place of hay and straw both as food and bedding. On many, perhaps most, small farms, corn is cut by hand. When it begins to ripen in September men cut it several inches above the ground and set in shocks. It is then spoken of as corn fodder. On damp days during the fall or winter the shocks are torn apart, and the corn is husked. The fodder is reshocked, and is hauled out of the field as it is needed for food. But corn cutting by hand is slow and hard work. It takes a strong, quick field hand to cut 30 shocks, 12 hills square, in a day. Hence, a machine was invented to cut corn more rapidly and with less labor. You see here one of these corn harvesters at work. The machine is built to cut but one row at a time. The corn is caught between two slanting uprights and a sickle cuts it off. It is tied in bundles at the same time, and these bundles fall from the rear of the harvester. All the workman needs to do is to drive his team properly. The bundles may be hauled to barns or silos for storage or they may be set in shocks, in much the same way wheat is handled. This machine does not husk the ears. The first of these harvesters that were operated did not meet with favor. They knocked off too many ears of corn. This objection has been partially overcome. At any rate it is no great task to pick up the fallen ears in field where the corn has been so harvested. And there is a great saving in labor and in time by using machinery instead of men. Keystone ID: 16712 Note: All titles, descriptions, and location coordinates are from the original Keystone Slide documentation as supplied by the Keystone View Company. No text has been edited or changed.
A Crevasse in the Victoria Glacier, British Columbia
A Crevasse in the Victoria Glacier, British ColumbiaOn the Canadian Pacific Railway, about 100 miles west of Calgary, is the Rocky Mountain Park of Canada. This is a reservation (rz´ r-v´ shn) of the Dominion Government. It contains about 5,000 square miles. It is sometimes called the Canadian Yosemite. It has many mountains from 8,000 to 10,000 feet in height, a number of hot springs, and one of the most beautiful lakes in the world, Lake Louise. Within its limits are many wild animals such as deer, caribou, (kr´ -b), bears, elks, wild goats, and long-horned sheep. The reservation includes some of the finest glaciers in North America. Here you are on one of these great ice sheets on the side of Mt. Victoria. In the background you see the peaks of Mt. Lefroy and Mt. Victoria. Directly in front of you is wide crevasse (kr-vås´) with sheer sides of solid ice. You see the snow crystals glistening in the bright sunshine. A misstep here would send you into the bottom of the deep, ice-bound precipice. When mountain climbers come to a crevasse such as this, and can find no way around it, a ladder must be constructed to make the crossing. If the chasm (kz'm) is narrow enough for the guide to leap it, a rope ladder can be made to bring the party safely over. Mt. Victoria is a peak 11,400 feet high. It takes skillful mountain climbers from 7 to 9 hours to make the ascent. It was first climbed in 1897. It is a dangerous climb because of the snow and because of the crumbling, overhanging rocks on some of the paths. Mt. Lefroy is 11,290 feet high. It is more difficult to climb than Mt. Victoria. One of its passes over which the ascent is made is called the Abbot Pass, after a mountain climber who there lost his life. Keystone ID: 13830 Note: All titles, descriptions, and location coordinates are from the original Keystone Slide documentation as supplied by the Keystone View Company. No text has been edited or changed.
A Fishing Village, Netherlands
A Fishing Village, NetherlandsOpen your geographies to the map of Netherlands. You see that the sea has bitten out of the center of it a great mouthful of land. This stretch of water is called Zuider Zee. "Zee" in Dutch means "sea.." Ages ago the sea covered a large part of the land we now call Netherlands. Then the waters lowered. Sand dunes were piles up with great arms of the ocean running far into the land. But the rivers brought down soil and filed up the channels. Then the Dutch came, and they set to work to help Nature out. They built dikes like the sand dunes, and pumped water back into the ocean. Thousands of acres in Netherlands have thus been captured from the sea. The work is still going on. The Zuider Zee is being drained and filled in from year to year. Some day the Zuider Zee may not be on the map of Holland. You are looking at one of the flat islands of this inland sea. It looks to be scarcely above the water's edge. Not a tree in sight. The houses of the little fishing village are huddled together as if they were afraid. The people, at least, have one great fear hanging over them. This is that the sea may rush in during a storm and flood their land. But the fishermen are bold. To the northwest is one of the greatest fishing grounds in the world. Here the Dutch trawlers go for their catch. They are manned by hardy sailors as bold as Hendrik Hudson. Perhaps the Dutch have fought the sea so long they are naturally its masters. At any rate their vessels have explored all parts of the world. Dutch colonies are in both Americas and in the far-away East Indies. The Dutch East India Company has played as important a part in the history of commerce as that of the Hudson Bay Company of the English. What did Hudson discover? Keystone ID: 6436 Note: All titles, descriptions, and location coordinates are from the original Keystone Slide documentation as supplied by the Keystone View Company. No text has been edited or changed.
A French Winter Resort, Cannes
A French Winter Resort, CannesYou may be unable to find the city of Cannes (kån) on your map. It has a population of only 35,000, yet it is widely known in Europe. It is famed as a winter resort. It lies on the gulf of the Mediterranean, northeast of Marseilles (mär-slz´) and southwest of Nice (ns). The coast here is called the Riviera (r-vyâ´ rä). The Riviera runs from Cannes to Genoa. The Alps close in on the west and the Appenines of the east. Here during the winter months come hundreds of persons to escape to cold of Paris, London, or Berlin. The climate of this section is semitropical and very healthy. The slope is southerly, and the warm winds from northern Africa make it pleasant in midwinter. People of Europe go to Cannes in the winter just as people of the northern United States go to Palm Beach or Los Angeles. The city has many fine villas with beautiful gardens about. Most of these houses are built of white marble quarried from the nearby hills. Cannes is a city of flowers. On the hill slopes back of it some 60,000 acres are set to flowers from which perfume is made. There are orchards of fig trees, olives, peaches, oranges, almonds, and lemons. The gardens about the houses are bright with flowers and the blossoms of semi-tropical trees. The harbor is small and is used chiefly by private yachts (yôt), sailboats, and launches. Some of these you can see here. Boating and bathing are the popular pastimes of the wealthy. Nearby are many beautiful islands that make excellent picnicking grounds. There are a few historic spots in Cannes that are worthy of note. One of these is an old church 600 years old. There are also the ruins of a castle, and a tower. From the tower one can have a fine view of the city and the harbor. Keystone ID: 11760 Note: All titles, descriptions, and location coordinates are from the original Keystone Slide documentation as supplied by the Keystone View Company. No text has been edited or changed.
A Highland Home, Scotland
A Highland Home, ScotlandYou have here a view of a peasant's house. Such houses can be found throughout the length and breadth of Scotland. Most of them are built in the same way. That is, their walls are made of stones or bricks, and their roofs of thatch. Simple as they are, though, they are very pleasing to the eye. In the summer time the walls of the houses are covered with vines and the little gardens next the houses show the Scotchman's love of thrift and natural beauty. The view shows more than the mere outside of the house. Here are two Scotch women each of whom is more than three score years. They are having their afternoon cup of tea and are doubtless chatting over the affairs of their little village. They sit prim and erect at the little tea table on chairs that are as prim and erect as they are. Their lives have been led entirely, perhaps, within the valley in which they now live. Beyond the mountains you see in the background lies a world unknown to them. They often speak of the country beyond the neighboring hills as "over yonder." The Scotch have long been known as a hardy people. They are honest, fearless, and simple in their ways of living. They are straightforward and frank. It is said that a Scotchman would not tell a lie to save his head. But he can be, and usually is, a courteous gentleman. Their simple ways of living have been taught them by the very country in which they live. It is generally rough and the crops are not large. Life becomes to these country dwellers a simple matter, and they become, like their hills, rugged, erect, and clean-cut. Scotland has given to the world some of its greatest thinkers, especially in engineering, science and medicine. It has also furnished great statesmen and warriors. Its three great authors you know very well. They are Carlyle, Scott, and Burns. Keystone ID: 12702 Note: All titles, descriptions, and location coordinates are from the original Keystone Slide documentation as supplied by the Keystone View Company. No text has been edited or changed.
A Hippopotamus Hunt, Mlembo River, Rhodesia, East Africa
A Hippopotamus Hunt, Mlembo River, Rhodesia, East AfricaThe word "hippopotamus" (hp-p-pt´ å-ms) means "river horse." As you can readily see, these animals are much larger than horses, and the river is their home. Here you see an American hunter in Rhodesia, Africa, resting after a busy morning with his rifle. He has bagged three large hippopotamuses. The natives who are with him are happy. There is a great feast ahead, for the meat of the hippopotamus is a food they relish. The skins, too, are valuable, so that the hunt has been a profitable one. The hippopotamus is a queer-looking animal. Its great body is set on four stubby legs each of which spreads out into four toes. Its feet are partly webbed. Its head is wider below the nostrils that at the ears. Its little ears are rounded, and have a flap inside to keep out the water. The nostrils project out from the snout so the animal can breathe while swimming by merely sticking his nostrils above the water. The nostrils can also be closed by inside flaps. The big body is not covered by hairs, but has only a few bristles. Ugly and ungainly though he is, the hippopotamus is well made to live in swamps and rivers. The animals are huge in size. Their bodies are often 14 feet long and 3 1/2 feet high. They live on plants, and feed at night. They are sleepy, stupid animals in daytime. They swim lazily about in the rivers, or sink to the bottom to tramp about, coming to the top of the water from time to time to breathe. The mother hippo is very fond of her baby. She watches over him kindly and carefully and takes him swimming on her back. From whom did Rhodesia get its name? What animal resembles the hippopotamus most? Keystone ID: 17012 Note: All titles, descriptions, and location coordinates are from the original Keystone Slide documentation as supplied by the Keystone View Company. No text has been edited or changed.
A Japanese Garden
A Japanese GardenHere is Japan at its best. This is an example of the beautiful park gardens in which the Japanese delight. It has all the elements of natural beauty-water, rocks, woods, and hills. But these elements have been combined artistically by skilled hands and eyes trained to beauty. The Japanese are artists by taste and by training. The children see beauty all about them from their birth. Their homes are clean, neat, and tastefully decorated. In school they are taught art. They learn how to put colors together that harmonize. They are taught to decorate in colors and to lay out gardens and grounds beautifully. They know the shrubs, the flowers, and the value of water, trees, and birds in making a beautiful garden. Do you know any of the trees or shrubs in the picture? What kind of birds do you find? How do the dresses of the girls harmonize with the scene. This picture is worth your careful study if you are interested in either art of nature. If you know, or care to learn, anything about taking pictures, this view will also appeal to you. What is there about it that shows its photographer was an artist? In a good photograph where should the chief figures be? What are the chief figures in this view? This view illustrates another trait of the Japanese. They are extremely clean. There is no dust or dirt in their houses. Their parks have no papers lying around. Their clothes are clean. And they pay particular attention to the cleanliness of their bodies. Every house has its little round bathtub. Public baths are in all centers of population. The Japanese take from two to five baths daily. They love cleanliness for the joy of being clean. Americans can learn much from the Japanese, but we can learn nothing finer that the habit of cleanliness. Keystone ID: 14047 Note: All titles, descriptions, and location coordinates are from the original Keystone Slide documentation as supplied by the Keystone View Company. No text has been edited or changed.
A Japanese Shoe Shop
A Japanese Shoe ShopIf you have never seen a Japanese clog, you will be interested in this picture. All these flat boards with their horseshoe-shaped uppers are shoes. And you can buy a pair for 10 cents. The price depends on the kind and the finish of the wood, and the quality of the uppers. The lad on the stool has a pair of clogs on, so you can see how they are worn. The Japanese sock has a separate "stall" for the great toe. The thong that fastens the uppers to the wooden soles rests between the great and the second toes. Clogs are therefore easy to remove, and this is one reason the Japanese like them, for they do not wear their shoes in the house. Clogs are also good to keep the foot of the wearer from becoming damp. Japan has such heavy rainfall in the summer that this is a decided point in favor of clogs. But they are cold, noisy on the streets, and tend to flatten the feet. What kind of shoes did the American Indians wear? You will recall, however, that Japan like many other eastern countries has few animals. Leather is scarce. Therefore shoes had to be made in early times from some materials the Japanese had at hand. The simple wooden sole with the simple upper came into use. Clogs are not unlike the sandals of the Greeks and Romans. They are easier to remove, but are not so neat as the European sandal. The wooden shoe of the Hollander you have seen, or at least know about. In Japan many American shoes have been sold in recent years. The Japanese in the United States have no trouble with our shoes. They object chiefly to the fact that our close fitting shoes "make feet smell bad." How is the leather obtained that is in our shoes? Where are most of our shoes made? What does pair of your shoes cost? Keystone ID: 14058 Note: All titles, descriptions, and location coordinates are from the original Keystone Slide documentation as supplied by the Keystone View Company. No text has been edited or changed.